Immaturity May Play Role When It Comes To AD/HD Diagnoses In Young Children

U.S. News & World Report (4/14, Reynolds) reports, “According to the American Psychiatric Association, “attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [AD/HD] “affects approximately five percent of children.” The APA also “says” AD/HD “is often first identified in school-aged children when it leads to disruption in the classroom or problems with schoolwork.” In such cases, however, “the young age of a child may raise an important question: What role does immaturity play when it comes to” AD/HD diagnoses in young children? Some experts believe in “not rushing a child into school.” Some little ones are just not mature enough yet to handle a classroom environment and their behavior in the classroom may stem from immaturity, not AD/HD.

Related Links:

— “Does Immaturity Play a Role in ADHD?,” Jennifer Lea Reynolds, U.S. News & World Report, April 14, 2017.

OA Patients Who Use Opioids Or Antidepressants Have Greater Risk Of Repeated Falls

MedPage Today (4/16) reported, “Low-extremity osteoarthritis (OA) patients who use opioids or antidepressants have a greater risk of repeated falls,” researchers found after studying “4,231 patients from the Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI).” The findings were published online in the journal Osteoarthritis and Cartilage.

Related Links:

— “Meds Contribute to Falls in OA,” Judy George, MedPage Today, April 16, 2017.

As People Grow Older, Common Risk Factors For Depression Change

Reuters (4/13, Kennedy) reports that as people grow older, “common risk factors for depression change,” researchers found after analyzing “data on more than 2,000 adults participating in two long-term studies of depression and anxiety.” The study also revealed that “when a risk factor is uncommon among peers – like widowhood or poor health in youth – it can have an outsized effect on depression risk.” The findings were published online April 7 in the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.

Related Links:

— “As people age, the factors that drive depression may shift,” Madeline Kennedy, Reuters, April 13, 2017.

Immigrants Are Delaying Medical Care Because Of “Inflammatory Rhetoric.”

Psychiatry resident Colin Buzza, MD, MPH, MSC, an American Psychiatric Association Public Psychiatry Fellow, writes in STAT (4/12) “First Opinion” that “inflammatory rhetoric toward immigrants” leads many to “avoid doctor visits” and delay necessary medical care. Dr. Buzza contends that he tries to reassure his immigrant patients, but “no amount of reassurance could offset…news of hate crimes and immigration raids.”

Related Links:

— “Harsh immigration rhetoric and policies are a threat to our nation’s health,” COLIN BUZZA, STAT, April 12, 2017.

Prescription Medication Shortages Cause Sharp Price Increases For Alternatives

The Wall Street Journal (4/12, Loftus, Subscription Publication) reports that research published in the New England Journal of Medicine suggests that prescription drug shortages in the US have led to sharp price increases for alternative treatments. According to the University of Utah Drug Information Service, there are currently about 176 active shortages.

Related Links:

— “Prescription-Drug Shortages Help Push Up Prices of Similar Drugs,” Peter Loftus, Wall Street Journal, April 12, 2017.

Substance Use Disorders May Be Associated With Higher Suicide Risk, Particularly In Women

Healio (4/11, Oldt) reports, “Among individuals receiving care within the Veterans Health Administration, substance use disorders were associated with higher risk for suicide, particularly among women,” researchers found after conducting “a cohort study of national administrative health records for all Veterans Health Administration users in 2005 (n = 4,863,086).” The findings were published online March 16 in the journal Addiction.

Related Links:

— “Substance abuse may indicate suicide risk in women,” Bohnert KM, et al., Healio, April 11, 2017.

Middle-Aged People With Vascular Risk Factors More Likely To Develop Alzheimer’s

Reuters (4/11, Rapaport) reports, “Middle-aged people with risk factors for heart attacks and stroke are also more likely to develop changes in the brain that can lead to Alzheimer’s disease,” researchers concluded after examining “data from 346 adults who had been evaluated for vascular risk factors since the late 1980s, when they were 52 years old on average and none of them had dementia.” Then, more than 20 years “later, when participants were around 76 years old, they had brain scans that looked for evidence of Alzheimer’s” in the form of amyloid plaques.

According to MedPage Today (4/11, Fiore), “unlike midlife vascular risk factors, late-life vascular risk factors were not associated with brain amyloid deposition on late-life PET scans,” the findings revealed. The study, which was “supported by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute,” was published April 11 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Related Links:

— “Risk factors for heart disease and stroke also tied to Alzheimer’s,” Lisa Rapaport, Reuters, April 11, 2017.

PTSD In Middle-Aged Women May Be Associated With Significant Cognitive Impairment

Medscape (4/10, Melville) reports, “Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in middle-aged women is linked with significant cognitive impairment, with the effect stronger in those with comorbid depression,” researchers found after evaluating “data on 14,029 women from the Nurses’ Health Study II.” The findings were presented at the Anxiety and Depression Association of America Conference 2017.

Related Links:

Medscape (requires login and subscription)

Having A Mental Health Disorder May Not Mean A Person Will Develop Alzheimer’s Later In Life

HealthDay (4/10, Preidt) reports, “Having a mental health disorder doesn’t mean a person will develop Alzheimer’s disease later” in life, researchers found after examining “long-term data from nearly 60,000 people in Finland with and without Alzheimer’s disease.” The findings were published online April 4 in European Psychiatry.

Related Links:

— “Past Psychiatric Ills Don’t Raise Alzheimer’s Risk: Study
,” Robert Preidt, HealthDay, April 10, 2017.